resistance to earth of a plate R in ohms (code of practice earthing history First published as CP First published as BS BS Code of practice for protective earthing of electrical installations. 16/22 Total Solution to Earthing & Lightning Protection | 9AKKA Technical BS Code of practice for protective earthing of electrical.
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The basic nature and properties of soil in a given location cannot be changed without considerable expense, and careful consideration of the geology should be used to determine the best location for an earthing system.
Premium Membership Get access to premium electrical guides, technical articles and much more! The connecting strip to the above ground disconnection point should be fully insulated to avoid electrolytic action.
However, onsite resistivity testing should always be carried out prior to carrying out an earth system design and installation. The effect of other reinforcement which might be attached by wire ties oc, may be neglected. This section deals only with a straight run of conductor.
This is a amendment to a British Standard on how to meet UK electrical installation earthing requirements. Search all products by. It should be noted that these types of measurement are not always practkce and can often result in a wide range of resistance values depending upon a number of factors such as those mentioned in above paragraph. Care should be taken to avoid a site where water flows prwctice it e.
Measurements and Calculations Of Earth Electrode Systems (BS ) | EEP
This is lower than some types of soil. The total electrode area formed by the underground metalwork of large structure may often be used to provide an earth resistance lower then that obtainable by other methods. Chemical treatment of soil has environmental implications and should not be considered as a long term solution in order to meet a specified level of resistance, apart from the risk of corrosion to the earthling system. The minimum ground cover should not be less than mm and ideally the surrounding soil should be damp.
The content is copyrighted to EEP and may not be reproduced on other websites. By repeating the measurement with increasing values of a, the apparent resistivity involving greater depths may be assessed. Customers who bought this product also bought BS EN To design, specify, inspect and periodically test and maintain earthing systems without endangering those who come into contact with them, users need to follow the guidelines and recommendations outlined in this standard.
Find Similar Items This product falls into the following categories. Effective earthing safeguards people from the risk of electric shock. In high resistivity locations or on rocky ground where long term performance is required, it may be considered necessary to utilize a conductive concrete to improve earth contact resistance around an earth rod or strip tape where applicable. This website is best viewed with browser version of up to Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 or Firefox 3.
The purpose of earthing System earthing involves the provision of a connection to the general mass of earth. For conventional sizes, the resistance is approximately inversely proportional to the linear dimensions, not to the surface areai. You may find similar items within these categories by selecting from the choices below:.
The resistance to earth of concrete encased steelwork or of concrete reinforcing bars varies according to the type of soil, its moisture content, and the design of the foundation. Facebook Linkedin Google Plus Twitter. This amendment tackles these issues and provides clarification on a number of points in the standard in order to eliminate any ambiguity.
This may be achieved by making the dimensions in one direction large by comparison to the other two. The majority of the formulae presented in this section relate to low frequency currents and high frequency examples are not included. If possible, it is advantageous and recommended to measure the resistance of several such footings to gain an indication of the likely variation of resistance. Your basket is empty. To obtain a low overall resistance the current density should be as low as possible in the medium surrounding the electrode.
Coke breeze should also not be used due to its highly corrosive nature. This model is more closely aligned to the basic theory behind the electrostatic behaviour of an earthing system componentin eaarthing stating more clearly the interactive effect of the value of s which for practical purposes has long been set as being not less than twice the depth of the rod.
It includes a number of editorial changes which clarify the meaning of the text and corrects values and symbols. Wherever significant continuous earth leakage current is expected, it is recommended that a main electrode of the types described in previous section be provided to which the foundation og can be bonded to provide auxiliary electrodes, thus giving assistance to high fault currents.
Table 1 gives examples of resistivity only. The resistance R should be taken as the ratio of the voltage between the inner electrodes and the current between the outer electrodes. It also defines selection parameters for the earthing arrangements and makes clear the need practicr careful consideration of various site conditions such as soil composition and resistivity.
Where there is an option, a site should be chosen in one of the following types of situations in the order of preference given: Connections to the plate should be by copper conductor, welded, riveted or otherwise attached with material that will not cause corrosion at the joint.
This requires careful assembly during installation to ensure that the bottom of the plate is resting in the medium used and not on the chalk or high resistivity substrata. In earthibg, continuous earth currents should be given attention. It is important that consideration is given to the possibility of corrosion of the metalwork reinforcement.
They may be used to give an indication of the difficulties that one might face in preparing an adequate design at the chosen location.